Today the internet is not limited to just viewing web pages and acquiring knowledge, today we can do almost all the work with the help of internet, internet has changed incredibly in the last few years. A few years ago, the Internet was limited to obtaining the necessary information using only web pages, keeping in mind the needs of those days.
Some standard organizations could access the Internet from all browsers, so some rules were implemented.
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These standards were designated as HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol). HTTP is used by every web browser and web server to make the WWW (World Wide Web) platform independent and accessible from all devices (this allows WWW to work on any digital device).
What is HTTP?
HTTP is a hypertext transfer protocol. Protocol means set of standards / rules. Each website is written in HTML (hypertext mark-up language) language. This protocol is used to properly use HTML documents and to transport these documents from the server to the user’s device.
Although every webpage on the Internet is designed using HTML, the website and the web browser must communicate properly with each other to show the user the webpage they want, HTTPS is used to communicate this correctly. There is an important contribution.
What is HTTPS?
HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure) is an improved version of HTTP. HTTPS is similar to HTTP but, HTTPS provides data encryption when transferring data to user data, whereas HTTPs are not capable of providing any type of security to data.
This means that if you are on an HTTP site, anyone on your network (such as all the people connected to your WiFi) can see what you are doing / watching on the Internet. Have been. But if you are on the HTTPS site then this information can be easily found only for you and the website owner.
This is why cyber experts recommend not using public WiFi for important data transfers such as bank transactions.
Since HTTP does not provide data encryption at the time of data transfer between the user and the server, any hacker can monitor this data, not only that any person can also tamper with this data. For example, suppose you are paying online, and to complete this process you must proof your own identity with the help of a PIN, OTP, or password, without which you can make any online can not transact.
If you are making payment online using HTTP, then whenever you put all this information on the bank’s website, then any hacker can easily see and tamper with it in any way. This data can be hidden from others by HTTPS. The HTTPS protocol uses encryption to transfer data, it adds an extra layer of security to your data.
HTTPS prevents unauthorized access to data on the local area network by providing proper encryption, but it cannot prevent phishing attacks.
Today almost every web hosting site provides HTTPS connection to every website. Hackers develop a fake website using HTTPS that looks exactly like a well-known big website, and hackers use the HTTPS protocol in this fake website, using HTTPS sites, a hacker makes a normal user feel safe. And easily steal important information from anyone.
Keep in mind that HTTPS provides encryption of data only at the time of transaction, it is important to check once the website is real or not before putting some of its important information on any website. Otherwise you will be able to give your important information to a hacker. Difference between HTTP and HTTPS