Vitiligo disease – In Todays article we will be talking about the common but unknown and very rare disease called Vitiligo , in this content today we will share with you everything you need to know from what vitiligo is to how it occurs down to its cure and treatment.
What Is Vitiligo Disease
Vitiligo disease is a is a long-term condition or disease that affects the skin and causes the loss of skin color.
How Does Vitiligo Start
Vitiligo happens when the cells that produce melanin stop functioning which is called melanocytes. Melanocytes are the cells responsible for producing the skin pigment, melanin, which gives skin its color and protects it from the sun’s UV rays.
Which area of the skin does vitiligo affect
The area of skin that vitilgo can affect, varies between individuals. It can affect the inside of mouth, affect the hair, and also the eyes. The affected areas remain discolored for the rest of the person’s life.
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Who Get Affected By Vitiligo
Vitiligo affects people of all skin types, it affect people of any age, gender, or ethnic group and so on. but it may be more noticeable in people with darker skin. The condition is not life-threatening or contagious. It can be stressful or make you feel bad about yourself. Research shows that ,Globally vitiligo appears to affect between 0.4 to 2 percent of people.
Is Vitiligo Hereditary
If a person has vitiligo, the risk that a first-degree family member (parent, child, or sibling) is 5%, or 5 times higher than the general population which means vitiligo is a hereditary disease. That seems like a big increase, but even so, that means only about 1 in 20 first-degree relatives of vitiligo patients get vitiligo as well. That brings me back to the NPR story – the father in the story says, “I was shocked, because I had asked doctors if any of my kids would have vitiligo, and they said, ‘Probably not, it usually skips a generation.’
Although The exact cause of vitiligo Remains unknown the major question here is what causes vitiligo to spread. But It is believed to be genetic, which is then triggered by an environmental factor such that an autoimmune disease occurs. Another Risk factors include a family history of the condition or other autoimmune diseases, such as hyperthyroidism, alopecia areata, and pernicious anemia. A disorder in which your immune system attacks and destroys the melanocytes in the skin Family history (heredity).
Types Of Vitiligo
Vitiligo is classified into two main types: The segmental Vitilgo. About 11% of cases are segmental, meaning they mostly involve one side of the body; and in these cases, the affected area of the skin does not expand with time. It is more noticeable in early age groups, It responds well to topical treatments. The non-segmental Vitilgo. About 89% cases are non-segmental, meaning they affect both sides; and in these cases, the affected area of the skin typically expands with time.
The main vitiligo symptoms is the patchy loss of skin color. the discoloration usually first shows up on sun-exposed areas, such as the hands, feet, arms, face and lips. Vitiligo signs include: – It starts as a simple spot, a little paler than the rest of the skin, but as time passes, this spot becomes paler until it turns white.
– Loss of color in the tissues that line the inside of your mouth and nose (mucous membranes).
– Normally, however, it does not cause any discomfort, irritation, soreness, or dryness in the skin.
– Premature whitening or graying of the hair on your scalp, eyelashes, eyebrows or beard.
– Loss of or change in color of the inner layer of the eyeball (retina).
– The patches are irregular in shape. At times, the edges can become a little inflamed with a slight red tone, sometimes resulting in itchiness.
Is Vitiligo Contagious
Risk Of Vitiligo Cases
People with vitiligo may be at increased risk of: – Eye problems, such as inflammation of the iris (iritis) – Social or psychological distress – Sunburn and skin cancer – Hearing loss
Although There is no cure for vitiligo but there are several treatment options that are available. One of The best evidence is for applied steroids and the combination of ultraviolet light in combination with creams. The American Academy of Dermatology describe vitiligo as more than a cosmetic problem, It is a health issue that needs medical attention. A number of remedies can help decrease the visibility of the condition. to the higher risks of skin cancer, the United Kingdom’s National Health Service suggests phototherapy be used only if primary treatments are ineffective.
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